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Happy Birthday, Canada: 153 facts about the True North strong and free –


On July 1, 1867 the British North America Act came into effect, joining the colonies of Canada (later split into Ontario and Quebec), Nova Scotia and New Brunswick into the Dominion of Canada

Originally incorporated as Bytown in 1850, it was changed to Ottawa in 1855 which is derived from the Algonquin word ‘adawe’ which means ‘to trade’

On May 26, 1932 Parliament passes an Act establishing the Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission, a forerunner to the CBC

The Rideau Canal in Ottawa is home to the world’s longest skating rink in the winter

The Regina cyclone is the deadliest tornado to strike a Canadian city, killing 28 and injuring hundreds on June 20, 1912

English and French are the official languages of Canada

Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories

Canada got its name through a miscommunication after French explorer Jacques Cartier was invited by local natives to their “Kanata” – the native word for ‘village’

‘Buffalo’ was the proposed name of a new Canadian province in 1904 which was rejected and the territory divided up into what is now Alberta and Saskatchewan

The Trans-Canada highway is said to be the longest national highway in the world


In 2008, Citizenship and Immigration Minister Jason Kenney officially declared Santa Claus a Canadian citizen

Superhero Superman was the creation of Canadians Joe Shuster and American Jerry Siegal

Forests cover up to 42 per cent of Canada and one-tenth of the world’s forest can be found here

Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defected to Toronto in 1974

The territory of Nunavut takes up one-fifth of Canada’s total landmass

Canada’s official phone number is 1-800-O-Canada

Dominion Day was officially declared and made a public holiday in 1879

In 2019, the population of Canada was 37.59 million

The snowmobile was invented in Canada

Dr. James Naismith invented the game of basketball. The first-ever game was played on December 21, 1891


Clara Hughes has won a total of six medals in two sports, cycling and speed skating, at the Summer and Winter Olympics

The Montreal Canadiens are the last Canadian-based team to win the Stanley Cup in 1993

West Edmonton Mall, once the largest in the world, still is home to the largest indoor amusement park

The coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was minus 63 C (minus 81.4 F) on February 3, 1947 in Snag, Yukon

Agnes Macphail becomes the first woman elected to the House of Commons on December 6, 1921

A Mari Usque ad Mare (From sea to sea) is the Canadian motto

Grise Fiord in Nunavut, population 129 (2016), is Canada’s northernmost civilian settlement

Yonge Street in Ontario is the longest street in the world, stretching from the foot of Lake Ontario and running north to the Minnesota border, almost 2,000 km

On November 7, 1885 the “last spike” of the Canadian Pacific Railway was hammered at Craigellachie, B.C., connecting the province to Eastern Canada via a transcontinental railway.

Saint-Louis-du-Ha! Ha!, a parish municipality in Quebec located near the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, is the only town in the world with two exclamation points in its name


Halifax is named after Lord Halifax, the president of the British Board of Trade

The hottest temperature ever recorded in Canada was 45 C (113 F) on July 5, 1937 in two small towns in southeastern Saskatchewan

Seven Canadians have won an NBA championship with Rick Fox and Bill Wennington sharing the honour of three titles each

The Rocky Mountains and the Appalachian Mountains are the two major mountain ranges in Canada while the St. Lawrence and Mackenzie are the major rivers in the country

There have been 27 Nobel Prize winners from Canada – the last being Jim Peebles in 2019 who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics

The baseball glove…



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