Executive Order On America’s Supply Chains
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On February 24, 2021, President Joe Biden signed an executive
order with the policy goal of strengthening and diversifying supply
chains in the United States (the “Order”). The
Order was issued to combat various threats to supply chains which
include pandemics, biological threats, cyber-attacks, climate
shocks and extreme weather events, terrorist attacks, geopolitical
and economic competition, and other conditions that may reduce
critical manufacturing capacity and impact supply chains.
100-Day Initial Reporting
The Order requires the Assistant to the President
for National Security Affairs (APNSA) and the Assistant to
the President for Economic Policy (APEP) to coordinate the
actions of the executive branch to further the policy of building
more resilient supply chains, which includes consultation between
the heads of agencies with outside stakeholders in industry,
academia, non-governmental organizations, communities, labor
unions, and state, local, and tribal governments. President Biden
charged the APNSA and the APEP with facilitating a review of supply
chain risks and delivering specific reports within 100 days of the
Order (by June 4, 2021).
The reports are to include an assessment of the following
- Risks in the semiconductor manufacturing and advanced packaging
supply chains and policy recommendations to address these
risks (to be prepared by the Secretary of Commerce).
- Risks in the supply chain for high-capacity batteries,
including electric-vehicle batteries, and policy recommendations to
address these risks (to be prepared by the Secretary of
- Risks in the supply chain for critical minerals and other
identified strategic materials, including rare earth elements,
policy recommendations to address these risks, and updates on work
done pursuant to Executive Order 13953 of September 30, 2020
(Addressing the Threat to the Domestic Supply Chain From Reliance
on Critical Minerals From Foreign Adversaries and Supporting the
Domestic Mining and Processing Industries) (to be prepared by
the Secretary of Defense).
- Risks in the supply chain for pharmaceuticals and active
pharmaceutical ingredients and policy recommendations to address
these risks, and additional information concerning the steps taken
to secure the supply chains of critical items needed to combat the
COVID-19 pandemic, including personal protective equipment,
conducted pursuant to Executive Order 14001 of January 21, 2021 (A
Sustainable Public Health Supply Chain) (to be prepared by the
Secretary of Health and Human Services).
The APNSA and the APEP must coordinate additional reports to be
submitted to the President within 1 year of the Order (by
February 24, 2022).
The reports are to include an assessment of supply chains for
- The defense industrial base and areas where…