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Executive Order On America’s Supply Chains – Strategy – United States



United States:

Executive Order On America’s Supply Chains


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On February 24, 2021, President Joe Biden signed an executive
order with the policy goal of strengthening and diversifying supply
chains in the United States (the “Order”).  The
Order was issued to combat various threats to supply chains which
include pandemics, biological threats, cyber-attacks, climate
shocks and extreme weather events, terrorist attacks, geopolitical
and economic competition, and other conditions that may reduce
critical manufacturing capacity and impact supply chains.

100-Day Initial Reporting

The Order requires the Assistant to the President
for National Security Affairs (APNSA) and the Assistant to
the President for Economic Policy (APEP) to coordinate the
actions of the executive branch to further the policy of building
more resilient supply chains, which includes consultation between
the heads of agencies with outside stakeholders in industry,
academia, non-governmental organizations, communities, labor
unions, and state, local, and tribal governments. President Biden
charged the APNSA and the APEP with facilitating a review of supply
chain risks and delivering specific reports within 100 days of the
Order (by June 4, 2021).

The reports are to include an assessment of the following
topics:

  • Risks in the semiconductor manufacturing and advanced packaging
    supply chains and policy recommendations to address these
    risks (to be prepared by the Secretary of Commerce).

  • Risks in the supply chain for high-capacity batteries,
    including electric-vehicle batteries, and policy recommendations to
    address these risks (to be prepared by the Secretary of
    Energy)
    .         

  • Risks in the supply chain for critical minerals and other
    identified strategic materials, including rare earth elements,
    policy recommendations to address these risks, and updates on work
    done pursuant to Executive Order 13953 of September 30, 2020
    (Addressing the Threat to the Domestic Supply Chain From Reliance
    on Critical Minerals From Foreign Adversaries and Supporting the
    Domestic Mining and Processing Industries) (to be prepared by
    the Secretary of Defense)
    .     
        

  • Risks in the supply chain for pharmaceuticals and active
    pharmaceutical ingredients and policy recommendations to address
    these risks, and additional information concerning the steps taken
    to secure the supply chains of critical items needed to combat the
    COVID-19 pandemic, including personal protective equipment,
    conducted pursuant to Executive Order 14001 of January 21, 2021 (A
    Sustainable Public Health Supply Chain) (to be prepared by the
    Secretary of Health and Human Services)
    .

1-Year Reporting

The APNSA and the APEP must coordinate additional reports to be
submitted to the President within 1 year of the Order (by
February 24, 2022).

The reports are to include an assessment of supply chains for
the following:

  • The defense industrial base and areas where…



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